Baxter, George W. (1855-1929), Papers Relating to the Fencing of Government Lands, Wyoming, 1886-1887. In 1886 Wyoming territorial Governor George W. Baxter was accused of illegally fencing United States government lands for the use of his cattle resulting in an lengthy investigation of his activities and removal from office in December 1886; this collection of papers details the accusations and investigations surrounding the controversy; documents include E.S.R. Boughton six-page ALS to Edward A. Bowers, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 29 September 1886, regarding the sale of government and railroad lands; Samuel Haas seven-page ALS to Edward A. Bowers, Laramie, Wyoming, 7 October 1886, regarding the fencing of lands within the Union & Pacific Railroad grant; Edgar S. Wilson two-page TLS to Hon. L.Q.C. Lamar, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 18 November 1886, noting "The Administration has been imposed upon. Baxter--it seems from record evidence, which will be transmitted by Mr. Bowers to you immediately--is a most conscienceless land grabber"; Edward A. Bowers report concerning illegal enclosures associated with George W. Baxter, 18 November 1886, fifteen pages, including attachments; George W. Baxter seven-page TLS to Hon. L.Q.C. Lamar, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 18 November 1886, describing his actions with respect to the fencing controversy and stating his innocence in the matter and a Western Union Telegram 27 November 1886 from Baxter to Lamar regarding the same; Edgar S. Wilson nine-page ALS to "My Dear Major," Cheyenne, Wyoming, 2 December 1886, regarding George W. Baxter's sale of fenced government lands; Jacob M. Tompkins two-page ALS to Hon. L.Q.C. Lamar, 6 December 1886, Cheyenne, Wyoming, regarding the illegal fencing of government lands by George W. Baxter; William C. Endicott two-page ALS to Hon. L.Q.C. Lamar, 8 January 1887, Washington, DC, regarding government lands leased to the Union Pacific Railroad on the Fort Wallace Military Reservation along with a survey plan of the same; three letters and three Western Union Telegrams from H.L. Muldrow to Edward A. Bowers, May to August 1887, regarding fencing issues; a plan of fencing in Butte, Wyoming, dated 11 December 1886; and eleven additional letters spanning 1889-1894 between S.C. Boynton, W.H. Ritter, Edward A. Bowers, and S.C. Pomeroy regarding unrelated financial and land matters.
Note: The film Open Range was loosely based on the controversy surrounding the alleged illegal fencing activities of George W. Baxter.
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